treatment for horses that bleed

treatment for horses that bleed

treatment for horses that bleed


Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH) is a disorder most commonly observed in Thoroughbreds, Quarter horses and Standardbreds during fast sprint work but which is also observed in other high performance horses in sports such as three day eventing, polo, reining and barrel racing.1,2

It occurs as a result of high pressures across the pulmonary capillary walls (known as transmural pressure) and this is created by both high blood pressure within the pulmonary capillaries (which surround the alveoli in the lung) caused by large cardiac output and negative pressures within the alveoli caused by inspiration of large amounts of air (or high flow rates).

This combined with the extreme thinness of the blood gas barrier (1/50,000 or an inch or more than 50 times thinner than a human hair) leads to rupture of capillary walls and flow of blood into the interstitial and alveolar spaces.3

Bleeding from the nostrils occurs only in a very small percentage of horses which have an episode of EIPH. The pathogenesis of the disorder has still not been fully elucidated although several theories had been investigated some examples of which include upper airway obstruction, abnormal red blood cell shape and large forces associated with gait causing shock waves to travel through the lung tissue.4

Diagnosis and 

The estimations of prevalence of EIPH within a population is dependent on the method of diagnosis used. Endoscopic examination involves the placement of a scope into the trachea to visualise the inside of the lumen and then a grading system is employed for EIPH which is dependent on the amount of blood visually present. Using a single endoscopic exam estimates EIPH prevalence between 43-75% in thoroughbred racehorses.4 Repeated examination of individual horses post intense exercise cause detection rates to increase to as much as 95%,3 with one previous study reporting identification of EIPH at least once in 80% of the horses studied when they were scoped after three consecutive races.5

Another way to diagnose EIPH is to identify a breakdown product of red blood cells called hemosiderin in lung macrophages. A sample for this is obtained by performing a bronchoalveolar lavage where a small amount of fluid (300 ml in 50 ml aliquots each time) is syringed into the lungs using a long catheter and then after two breaths drawn back out and essentially a “wash” or lavage of the lung is obtained for laboratory analysis. Studies have reported that pretty much all horses in training or racing have some degree of bleeding (i.e. hemosiderin present in samples).6,7,8

treatment for horses that bleed

The medical treatment for EIPH is to administer a diuretic called Furosemide (brand name Lasix among others) 4 hours before exercise, which increases urine output and thus reduces blood volume. In this way it has been shown to reduce calculated pulmonary capillary blood pressure and transmural pressure.Furosemide has been shown to reduce EIPH severity in a treadmill study, however it does not completely prevent EIPH occurring.9

Overall there is good evidence to support Furosemide decreasing the severity and incidence of EIPH.2 Furosemide is connected to controversy in equine sports due to its link to performance enhancement which has been reported in some research on the subject.10,11 The mechanism of this enhancement however is not clear and has also been proposed that it may actually be related to weight loss caused by the medication.4

A non-medical treatment option is the use of nasal strips. Horses are obligate nasal breathers and during forceful inhalation during galloping the theory is that the presence of a nasal strip will support the nasal passage and prevent any potential collapse and thus increased resistance to inhalation. In this way, it would help to reduce the transmural pressure at the blood gas barrier. A few studies with small numbers of horses have reported a potential reduction in EIPH with the use of nasal strips.9,12


Furosemide is only permitted in a few racing jurisdictions and may be also banned in these in the future. For this reason, among others, alternative approaches to attempt to reduce or prevent EIPH in horses are highly sought after.

As there is an inflammatory aspect to repeated episodes of EIPH, which can produce associated free radicals,13 preventing further insults to the lung tissue from the environment, reduction of fibrosis of lung tissue caused by chronic EIPH and supporting repair to the tissue is important. Plusvital Bioflavidex is a nutraceutical product targeted at EIPH nutrition support. It has the benefit of being composed of compounds which are all legal to be used during competition.

This product provides a highly concentrated supply of antioxidants including citrus bioflavonoids, hesperidin, grape seed extract, organic selenium and natural polyphenols to support the body in dealing with free radicals produced and to help promote heathy respiratory and circulatory systems. Citrus bioflavonoids and hesperidin are included for their potential anti-inflammatory properties.14

Some studies have also reported bioflavonoids having a benefit in conditions involving capillary hyper-permeability.15,16 Additionally the formulation contains vitamin K for its role in blood coagulation and to assist in this blood clotting in the event of an EIPH episode.

Image result for The rich history of camel racing

The rich history of camel racing

RAS AL KHAIMAH // On the day of Salem Obaid’s marriage, the groom raced Nabran the camel to victory.

The camel, like the women at the wedding, had its neck caked in saffron. It was 1961 and Mr Obaid took a prize of 100 rupees: 20 from each of the participants and the money he had put in himself.

The young Bedu had few riches. But he was wealthy enough, for he owned two racing camels – a prized commodity at a time when food and water were hard to come by.

“Before, my family only had the camel, not another,” Mr Obaid said of the importance of the animals to the community.

Now 75, Mr Obaid can still be found at the track every day. He owns 40 racing camels that compete in corporate and sheikh-sponsored events for prizes of luxury cars and millions of dirhams. He still owns the simple prizes he won as a boy when races were a rare indulgence for special occasions and men would compete for simple treasures: a basket of dates, a cap or ghutra.

To commemorate these times, Sheikh Saud bin Saqr, the Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah, will hold races for Emiratis and their camels at the RAK Suan track on November 30 for National Day. From November 20 to November 27 men can register for three categories: 500 metres for men over the age of 45, 1.5 kilometres for men aged 30 to 45, and 3km for men aged 15 to 30. The top 10 in each category will win cash prizes, with Dh5,000 for first place.

Almost immediately after the formation of the UAE, camel racing was recognised as a shared sport that could bind identity and unite Emiratis. At the racetrack, all were equal and all shared their love for the beast. Camels took names that credited old poems or new corporations, such as Etisalat. Breeds were named after tribesmen who rose to prominence through the new national sport.

“The race, it was for everyone,” Mr Obaid said. “For sheikhs, for men, for all the people. At that time it was a weak sport, there wasn’t a lot of money. But from 1971, Sheikh Zayed started to make all the courses.”

The 6km oval track in RAK opened in 1990 at the same time that Sheikh Zayed opened tracks in Ajman, Umm Al Qaiwain, Suweihan, Al Dhaid, Kashaba, Malaqat and Abu Samra.

Camel farms and majlises sprung up in the dunes by the track.

On the first night of Eid this year Mr Obaid joined friends from the ages of 18 to 80 at a majlis beside the track to watch a televised camel beauty pageant.

With serious money to be won, racing is more popular than ever and on any given Friday, thousands of men leave the cities for the track.

“Maybe 100 years ago we raced the camel, but before there was no money. Before it was for happiness,” said Mohammed Muradad, the director of the Suan track. “The money only came after Sheikh Zayed. Now the camel is a better salary.”

RAK has more than 1,000 active racing camels. Distances raced vary according to age. From ages 6 and up, the distance is 6km. A good time is 6 minutes. Sheikhs sponsor races and municipalities give additional support, like free meals to traders who live beside the racetrack during festivals. Races are divided between sheikhs and tribes, and according to pedigree. Often, sheikhs will share their winnings with all who surround the track.

Image result for The rich history of camel racing

Races now have purses so large that they draw competitors and traders from across the GCC. As the sport grew more competitive in the mid-1980s, trainers began to use child jockeys from South Asia, a practice that was banned in 2005. Now, remote-controlled robot jockeys are used by men who drive alongside the track and in recent years there has been a revival of Emirati jockeys.

“All men are happy for that,” said Ali Al Kibali, 43, an Emirati coach who was a jockey as a teenager. “Now the remote control is very, very nice. My father put me on the camel, that is what it was 40 years ago. Before it was Emiratis only.”

His son Mohammed Al Kibali, 18, hopes to compete in the upcoming races. Older men approve, saying the track will keep the young man away from shopping malls and other temptations.

“Camels are everything in my life,” Mohammed said. “They are the best thing in my life. All the Bedouin boys think so.”

10 Fun facts about Camel Races

10 Fun facts about Camel Races

     10 Fun facts about Camel Races

If you’ve lived in the UAE for some time, you’ve probably seen a truck loaded with camels drive past you at some point. Although, their main function used to be transportation, camels have found themselves a new occupation: racing. Here are some fun facts about the camel races.

10 Fun facts about Camel Races

10 Fun facts about Camel Races

  1. They take place during the cooler months of the year from October to April
  2. Entrance to camel races are usually free and they usually take place at 7 am and 2 pm
  3. Camels are trained twice a day, in the morning and evening for about 45 minutes for each session.
  4. The baby camels are taken away from their mothers when they are around one and a half years old and start training for races when they are two years old. Racing camels must be able to run a minimum of 40 kmh.
  5. The young camels are introduced to the track with the rest of the herd and are expected to pick up the skill by merely running alongside the older and more experienced camels.
  6. The age of the camel determines the length of the race. Young camels between the ages of two to four race only for four or five kilometers while five or six-year-old camels race for about seven to eight kilometers and finally, the camels older than six years’ race for ten kilometers.
  7. The best way to experience a camel race? There are pickup trucks that drive on a road alongside the racetrack to keep track of the moving camels. Ask a driver if you can get onto one of them and you’ll get to watch the action unfold.
  8. Since child jockeys* were banned in the UAE in 2005, robot jockeys ride on the backs of camels. Their whips are controlled by a herder who rides in a pickup truck. However, camel herders do ride the camels during training.
  9. Most of the racing camels are females because they are gentler and hence easier to handle than their male counterparts. Furthermore, special occasions require camel meat which typically comes from the male camels.
  10. If a camel wins a race, the Sheikh will buy the winning camels for about a million or two million dirhams, therefore, camel racing is also done for economical purposes as it is the Sheikh’s way of funding his people.


how to win horse racing

How To Win Horse Racing

How To Win Horse Racing

How do you pick a winning horse? Over the years there have been thousands of books written on finding and selecting the right filly or colt to put your money on. Needless to say, it’s no easy task finding winners on horse racing. However, we do it, every day on our free horse racing tips page, we source winning punts. How can you win at horse racing? Take a look at our beginner’s guide to winning at horse racing to put yourself on the right path!

Don’t just bet on the favourite

How To Win Horse Racing

Horse racing is a notoriously unpredictable game. The favourite only comes home first about 30% of the time, so if you rocked up to an event and lumped all your money on the favourites over the course of the day, you’re more than likely end up out of pocket. The house always wins, after all, and the secret isn’t looking for which horse is likely to win, but which offers the most value. So to find value, you need to know your selections and do your research. The more investigation you do, the more you’ll enjoy it, because as they say, knowledge is power!

Understanding horse racing terminology

As with every sport around the world, Horse Racing has plenty of different terminologies and phrases to understand. Getting familiar with these phrases is essential, so take a look at our Glossary under the Guides section, which explains all the essential terminology to learn!

How To Win Horse Racing Get to know your horses

  • Easy Last Time Out Winners – Horses in form can often put together streaks of 2 to 3 wins in 5 races. Starting by looking for easy last time out winners which look like they could go in again is always a solid place to start
  • Good rating figures – If you can find a horse that enjoyed a personal best in its last race, you could be onto a winner
  • Race comments – this insight can be invaluable. If you’re looking online, search for horses that have been said to ‘ran on well’ or ‘quickened’ and you’ll find a filly or colt in fine fettle
  • Change in class – trainers can put weaker horses in ‘higher’ class races in hope of a miracle. So if you’re looking at a runner with a decent recent record, check the quality of its opposition. Likewise, if a horse has dropped down a class it could be worth a look
  • The company – the other horses in the race will affect how it’s run, and what chance your entrant will have. If there are a few ‘front running’ horses that like to get an early start, then the chances of an outsider staying the pace are unlikely
  • Bouncing back – while it’s easy to focus on the horses who ran exceptionally well last time out and placed or won, if you want the really big prices (your 33/1s and so on) the secret comes in trying to spot where a horse may have run badly but be ready to run a big race, either because of a change in conditions or because he’s fitter for some poor runs after a break

How To Win Horse Racing Get to know your surfaces

Just like a tennis player might prefer a clay court to grass, or a silky-skilled winger might not like it on a wet Tuesday night in Stoke, different horses run better on different surfaces.

Dry courses (known as ‘firm’ or ‘good to firm’) will see the fastest speeds and suit daintier horses, while runners that really hit the ground hard are more likely to enjoy the slightly more accommodating, softer turf – and get more sprinting power from gripping into the ground.

So when you’re betting on a horse, take a look at the surface it’ll be racing on. Especially with deeper ground, previous form on the surface can be essential, so don’t go backing your horses blind without checking their preferred surfaces!

Get to know your trainers

How To Win Horse Racing

You will be amazed if you break down stable winners by months, how often the pattern repeats itself” – Ian Marmion, Head of Victor Chandler, 2006.

Just as important as the horse you’re betting on is the trainer who’s reared it. As our blog about betting statistics explains, Nicky Henderson frequently wins at Newbury, while Donald McCain enjoys a great strike rate at Bangor.

Trainers will enjoy different records on different tracks. Some will be more proficient at preparing runners for specific courses and those that have won at a track before will know how to do so again. As a rule of thumb, beginners can tell dominant trainers at a course as they’re likely to field multiple horses in a race.

How To Win Horse Racing

All good tipping guides will show a trainer’s record at a course, and over recent months. The more you look into the stats, the more you’ll see. You could find that each year one trainer routinely selects a particular race to unveil their particularly talented two-year-old.

It works in reverse too…

Conversely, poor trainer records at certain venues tell you who not to back. Saaed Bin Suroor has a relatively poor record at Ascot, for instance, and may not represent value for money.

How To Win Horse Racing Get to know your jockey

Jockeys also provide a great deal of betting insight and can help you understand winners. Just as some trainers are synonymous with different courses, many jockeys have favourite locations. Ruby Walsh, for instance, has been the leading jockey at Cheltenham numerous times in recent years, while Ryan Moore is the man to beat at Ascot.

Why do jockeys work so well at specific places? It works both ways: not only will some skillsets be naturally suited to some courses, but trainers are likely to pair the best riders with the strongest horses.

Specific jockey and trainer combinations are crucial to learn and understand. Sometimes, trainers will field more than one runner in the contest, so knowing who is the stable jockey will tell you which horse in the race is the yard’s leading hope.

Get to know the signs of a confident horse

Of course, this isn’t really something you can do while sitting at home watching the races on ITV Racing, but if you’re at a live event then it can pay to watch your horses pre-race to see how they’re reacting.

For instance, a calm, confident runner with a shiny coat will often perform markedly better than an anxious, jittery horse that’s clearly expending a lot of energy in the paddock.

Dexamethasone injection

Dexamethasone injection

Dexamethasone injection

CharacterThis product is a kind of colorless transparent liquid.

Pharmacological actions:

(1)Pharmacodynamics: This product belongs to the category of adrenal cortical hormones. Its anti-inflammatory effect and the glyconeogenesis are 25 times as strong as those of hydrocortisone. It is potently active against both infective and non-infective inflammations. Its activities in the retention of water and sodium and potassium excretion promotion are just about 3/4 of those of hydrocortisone. It also has strong inhibitory effects on pituitary-adrenal cortex. It also has immunosuppressive, antitoxin and antishock activities and etc. It can be used to treat or control the clinical symptoms of allergic diseases and inhibit various pathological changes caused by allergic reactions. It can improve the resistance against adverse stimulus, antagonize the damages caused by bacterial endotoxins, and relieve the high fever caused by toxemia. It is also effective against toxic shock, hypovolemic shock and cardiogenic shock.

Dexamethasone injection

(2)Pharmacokinetics: After intramuscular injection this product is rapidly absorbed systemically in dogs. The peak plasma concentration is reached after 0.5 hours and the drug is rapidly eliminated. It is excreted mainly through urines and stools. The metabolism of this product is similar in mice and in human beings. Most of the drug is hydroxylated to form 6-hydroxyl and 2-dihydroxyl dexamethasone.

(3)Drug Interactions: 1.Liver drug enzyme inducers like Phenobarbital, phenytoinum, rifampicin and etc can accelerate the metabolism of this product. The dosage of this product should be increase when it is used concurrently with these drugs. 2.It can accelerate the excretion of potassium when it is used concurrently with diuretics like thiazines or amphotericin b. Potassium should be supplemented when these drugs are used in combination. 3.This drug can accelerate the elimination of salicylates and reduce their therapeutic effects. And the combination of these two kinds of drugs is more likely to cause peptic ulcer. 4.This product can decrease the therapeutic effects of oral anticoagulants. The dosage of the anticoagulants should be increased appropriately when these two kinds of drugs are used concurrently.

Dexamethasone injection

Indications: Dexamethasone is an anti-inflammatory agent for use in the treatment of arthritis, snakebite, and ketosis in cattle, as well as supportive therapy for acute diseases and milk fever for small animals. It is indicated for non-specific dermatitis, supportive therapy following surgery, inflammatory conditions of joints not associated with ruptured ligaments in horses. It is indicated for carpitis, tendonitis, osselet, myositis, bursitis, sprains, and supportive therapy for fatigue, heat exhaustion, and acute infectious diseases.

Usage and Dosage: Intramuscular and intravenous injection, daily dosage is 2.5 to 5mg for horses; 5 to 20 mg for cattle, 4 to 12 mg for sheep and pig and 0.125 to 1mg for cat and dog joint capsule injection: 2 to 10mg for horse and cattle

Adverse Reactions: Long term large dosage administration of this product may cause the following adverse Reactions. 1.Symptoms similar with those of hyperfunction of adrenal cortex, which include edema, hypokalemia, atrophy of the muscles, growth stasis in pups, osteoporosis, glycosuria and etc. 2.Hypofunction of adrenal cortex, even atrophy of adrenal cortex. Sudden withdrawal of drug may cause dysfunction of adrenal cortex with symptoms like mental depression, poor appetite, fever, myasthenia and decreases in blood pressure and blood glucose. In some cases the diseases relapse immediately after the withdrawal of the drug and are even more serious. 3.It may induce new infections or aggravate the original infections, like expansions and dispersions of the original disease focus.

Dexamethasone injection


1. This product should be used with care in pregnant animals. It may affect the growth of the embryo or even cause   abnormal embryos when used early during the gestation period. It may cause abortions when used late during the gestation period.

2. This kind of drug has no inhibitory effects against pathogenic microbe. It should be used in combination with antibiotics in cases of acute bacterial infections.

3. It should not be used in cases of severe liver dysfunction, osteomalacia and osteoporosis, and during early treatment of fractures, rehabilitation period of traumas, early stages of corneal ulcers, vaccination periods and in infections lack of efficient antibiotics.

4. Dexamethasone can increase the excretion of calcium through stools and may cause deficiency of calcium.

5. After a continuous treatment in large dosages for more than 1 week the dosage should be reduced and withdrawn gradually. Sudden withdrawal is forbidden to avoid relapses or hypofunction of adrenal cortex.

Withdrawal Time: Meat 21days,milk 36hours.

Storage:Tightly sealed,avoid lights

Expiration Date: 2 years

Dexamethasone injection

Ciprofloxacina L.A. Colirio

Ciprofloxacina L.A. Colirio

Ciprofloxacina L.A. Colirio

Antibiotic eye drop

Scarring and antimicrobial eye drop.

Chondroitin Sulfate “A” 20.0 g, Ciprofloxacin 0.3 g, Excipients c.s.p. 100 ml
Chondroitin Sulfate “A” inhibits the proteolytic enzymes present during inflammation, allowing cell growth and healing of the corneal ulcer without leaving a scar (cloud). This action allows clinical cures of chronic (indolent) ulcers in 80% of cases, without the need for a flap. It acts as a treatment in all types of lacrimal insufficiency and is indicated in dry contaminated keratitis. Chondroitin Sulfate “A” also acts as an ideal vehicle for the antibiotic ciprofloxacin, allowing an interval between applications of up to 24 hours.
Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone of last generation, which acts against the Gram-negative and Gram-positive germs responsible for ocular infections and which lacks epithelial cytotoxicity.

Ciprofloxacina L.A. Colirio

Corneal ulcers Infectious conjunctivitis of bacterial origin. Lacrimal insufficiency Dry keratitis

Your vehicle allows you to apply it in the most severe cases every 8 hours and in the most benign ones every 24 hours.
Less number of applications and therefore greater probability of treatment success.

Dropper bottle containing 5 ml of product.

Ciprofloxacina L.A. Colirio

Horse Medications from Hagyard Pharmacy

Don’t trust your horse’s health and medications to just anyone. Your equine is a very unique and special animal, even among other horses, and most times the generic, cookie-cutter horse medicines out there just won’t do the job well enough. You want your horse to be back in peak condition as soon as possible. You need someone who understands equine health and can provide extremely specific advice, solutions and medications. You need Hagyard Pharmacy.

buy horse medication online

Hagyard stocks, maintains, and sells a comprehensive inventory of prescription equine medications. These include breeding and foaling medications, EPM medications, antibiotics, hormone therapy, anti-ulcer medications, and dermatologicals, among others. If we don’t have exactly what you need, then we’ll work directly with your horse’s veterinarian, and formulate a particular medication ourselves with our unique PCAB accredited equine compounding service.  We stand behind our compounded medications so you know that your horse is staying safe and receiving a quality product.

We also have a complete lineup of over-the-counter and non-prescription medications for horses. These include skin and wound care kits, leg protection solutions, bandages, dewormers, vitamins & electrolytes, milk replacers, surgical supplies, and hoof care instruments. Everything you could possibly need for your horse is available at Hagyard.

Pay us a visit, give us a call, or simply order online. You’ll find that there’s no better solution for keeping your horse in tip-top shape!

About Hagyard Pharmacy





Electrolytic solution

L-Histidine 34 mg.
L-Methionine 34 mg.
Dextrose monohydrate 5 g.
DI-Tryptophan 34 mg.
L-Threonine 68 mg.
DI-Isoleucine 68 mg.
L-Arginine 85 mg.
DI-Phenylalanine 102 mg.
KI-Valine 170 mg.
L-Lysine, monohydrochloride 102 mg.
L-Leucine 136 mg.
L-Glutamine 136 mg.
Calcium dihydrate 15 mg.
Potassium 20 mg.
Magnesium, sulfate 20 mg.
Sodium, acetate 250 mg.
Vitamin B2 4 mg.
D-Pantothenol 5 mg.
Vitamin B12 5 mg.
Vehicles and excipients c.s.p. 100 ml.


Regain balance in emergency situations.
The combination of amino acids, electrolytes and energy provides what is necessary to recover the animals.
Concentrated energy

Source of amino acids, electrolytes and B vitamins, for use in weakened animals or subjected to intense efforts, stress, shock or dehydration. Supportive therapy in severe diarrhea and vomiting.
Horses: After races, raids, intense work, transfers in vehicles, convalescence, excess or recovery of heat, postoperative recovery, etc.
Cattle: Stress of labor, fallen cow, transfer to fairs or exhibitions, prolonged troops, ketosis, convalescence, diarrhea, etc.
Sheep and pigs: Pre and post transfers, post-operative, diarrhea, convalescence, heat stress, etc.

Bovine, ovine, porcine, canine and feline: administered intravenously, intraperitoneally, subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Horses: administer intravenously.
Dosage: 2 ml per 10 kg of live weight. Repeat until 3 / day depending on the case.


Aminer Produvet

Aminer Produvet



Detoxifying Energy Rehydrate
In case of dehydration, hepatic intoxications, hypoproteinesmias, also to restore ionic balance. In diarrhea, anemia and neuropathies. In cattle and pigs it is obtained a better production with greater fertility and better crias.En dairy cows increases the production and in meat animals you get more meat and less fat.

Box containing 2 vials of 100 ml ampoule.

Dissolve the contents of bottle No. 1 with that of No. 2.
Equines and Cattle: 0,2 ml. per kg. Of weight. Swine: 0.8 ml. per kg. of weight.

Aminer Produvet

Amino Acids-Minerals-Vitamin B
Bottle # 1
L (+) Arginine 0.75 g.
L Phenylalanine 0.5 g.
Glycol 2.5 g.
Histidine 0.1625 grs.
L isoleucine 0.625grs.
L Leucine 0.125 grs.
L. lysine 0.25 g.
DL Methionine 0.75 grs.
L Threonine 0.125 g.
L Tryptophan 0.0625 grs.
L Valine 0.125 grs.
Nicotinamide 0.5 g.
Vitamin B1 (Chlor.Thiamine) 0.025 g.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.01 grs.
Vitamin B6 (chloro pyridox.) 0.025 g.
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobal.) 2500 mcg.
Calcium Pantothenate 2.5grs.

Bottle # 2
Sodium Chloride 1.25 grs.
Potassium Chloride 0.125 grs.
Cobalt Chloride 0.025 grs.
Magnesium chloride 0.075 grs.
Sorbitol 12.5 grs.
Apyrogenic Tristilled Water
Sterile c.s.p. 100 ml.

Dosage and Administration:
Dogs and Cats: 20 mg / kg b.w. EV, IM or SC at a once daily (about 0.1 ml / kg b.w.). In young and elderly animals, or with kidney problems, the dose should be divided into four applications every 8 hours and monitor possible side effects.
Horses: Yearlings and adults: 6 mg/kg b.w. IV or IM once daily (about 3 ml/100 kg b.w.).
Neonatal foals: 20-25 mg / kg b.w. once daily.
Uterine infusions: 2.000 mg (9.5 ml of the product) mixed with 200 ml of sterile saline (0.9% Na chloride), aseptically infused daily for 3 consecutive days.
Intraarticular administration: 125 mg (0.6 ml of product) per day.
Local limb perfusion: 125 mg (0.6 ml of product) diluted with sterile saline.
Administration: EV, IM, SC or intraarticular
Species: Horses, Dogs and Cats
Presentation: 50 ml bottle sterile multidose glass vial.

Aminer Produvet





Antiarthritic – Antirheumatic – Antiarthritic

Regenerator of articular cartilage – Antiezimático

Regeneration of Cartilage in Shock Treatment.

Even the most incipient cartilage problems cause pain that threaten the performance of horses exposed to high demands.

ACS LTF – 16% Chondroitin Sulfate Acid – is a habitual and highly recognized product in San Isidro, Palermo and La Plata racecourses where Carrera Pure Bloods find a highly effective relief reaching its maximum performance. The pain happens because ACS LTF remits the injury. Other sport horses, such as Trotadores, Salto, Polo, Endurance, also maintain optimal legs and hands thanks to ACS LTF 16%

Its extension to the treatment of cartilage problems in dogs and cats, has been highly efficient, especially with sheep and large animals.

The injectable formula allows the initiation of treatments with rapid effects, which can be continued in the same way or with oral ACS LTF. (See technical notes)


Chondroitin sulfate

Sodium salt dihydrate: 16 g.

Thimerosal: 0.003 g.

Sterile injectable water C.S.P .: 100 ml.

Therapeutic Action

Arthritis, osteoarthritis, coxarthrosis, hip dysplasia, osteoarthrosis, chondropathies, post-operative fractures, osteochondriasis, conroprotective and chondroreparative. Hydrarthrosis, capsulitis, synovitis, osteitis periplantar and angular of 3rd phalanx.

Spondylosis, ankylosing spondyloarthrosis, calcification of the invertebral discs, loose carpus syndrome in large breeds, ptosis in pseudoescorbuto ears, chondrodystrophies in the postoperative period of aesthetic otoplasia, genu valgum, feline fibrous osteodystrophy, tendon repairs, joint postoperatives, desmitis, tendinitis, Degenerative joint disease (EDA).


Dosage and method of administration

Given the safety of the product, it is recommended to administer an application at intervals of 1 to 4 days according to the severity of the present lesion and the criteria of the acting physician.

Horses: Intramuscular route

Each 100 Kg PV ……………………. 1 cc

10 average total applications are suggested.

Canines and Felines: Subcutaneous and / or intramuscular route.

Up to 10 Kg of PV ………….. 1 cc

From 10 to 30 Kg of PV ……… 2 cc

Of more than 30 Kg of PV ….. 2.5 cc

Given the excellent safety margin of the active principle and its excipients, the doses and time of treatment will be according to the criteria of each acting Veterinarian.


Collateral effects: does not present.

Conservation: between 5º and 35º C. Sheltered from direct sunlight.


It does not present.

Side effects: does not present.


Bottle x 25 ml.


buy ATP injection

buy ATP injection

buy ATP injection

Preparation of equestrian tests and in all cases where it is necessary to increase the capacity of work and performance. In heart failure. Progressive muscle therapy, subacute and chronic polyarthritis, peripheral circulatory irregularities, thrombophlebitis, humeral-scapular periarthritis.

Box containing 1 bottle No. 1 and 1 bottle No. 2

HORSES: 10ml. By slow intravenous route, day by day.
Dissolve the contents of bottle # 1 with # 2.

buy ATP injection

Deoxyribonucleic acid-A.T.P.-Vitamin B
Bottle # 1
ATP 0.500 grs.
(Adenosine-5-Trisphosphate Acid)

Bottle # 2
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) 1 g.
Vitamin B12 10000 grs.
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine Chlorine) 0.500 grs.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.500 grs.
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine Chloride) 0.350 g.
Vitamin B15 (Dichloroethanoate)
-D-isopropyl ammonium) 0.200 g.
Glutathione reduced 0.100 grs.
Nicotinamide 2 grs.
Glucose pure anhydrous 25 grs.
Alcohol Benzyl 2 grs.
Tris-distilled water
Apirogena Sterile 100 grs.

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